Consolidating democracy in south korea

14-Jan-2018 23:53 by 4 Comments

Consolidating democracy in south korea

The authors explore the turbulent features of Korean democracy in its first decade, assess the progress that has been made, and identify the key social, cultural, and political obstacles to effective and stable democratic governance.Larry Diamond is Larry Diamond is senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution and codirector of the National Endowment for Democracy's International Forum for Democratic Studies at the National Endowment for Democracy.

Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes.Since its inception in 1987, Korean democracy has been an arena of continual drama and baffling contradictions: periodic waves of societal mobilization and disenchantment; initial continuity in political leadership, followed by the successive election to the presidency of two former opposition leaders and the arrest of two former heads of state; a constant stream of party renamings and realignments; an extended period of economic success and then a breathtaking economic collapse; and a persistent quest for political reform in a political culture focused not on institutions, but on power and personal relationships.Democratization in a country is not just about electing new leaders through free, fair, and competitive elections; it entails a much more comprehensive political overhaul, including deposing ruling elites from the previous autocratic regime, building workable democratic institutions with a new constitution, reaping support from pro-democracy civil society groups, and managing national security and order.How does a democratizing state depoliticize the military and put it under firm civilian control?How does it build a democratic military—one that “supports democratic governance, The main purpose of this article is to address these questions by drawing lessons from the South Korean experiences of democratization and depoliticization of the military that showcase one of the most prominent success stories among the “third wave” democratizers around the world.RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.

"This book sheds light on the dilemmas, tensions, and contradictions arising from democratic consolidation in Korea.Steinberg."This book sheds light on the dilemmas, tensions, and contradictions arising from democratic consolidation in Korea.The authors explore the turbulent features of Korean democracy in its first decade, assess the progress that has been made, and identify the key social, cultural, and political obstacles to effective and stable democratic governance." Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc.(meaning “one mind”), a hegemonic faction within the army.This article concludes with thoughts on what theoretical and policy insights the South Korean experience can impart to other countries, especially some of the Middle Eastern states currently on a mission to depoliticize their armed forces.Second, the Roh Tae Woo presidency (1988–1992), as a quasi-military and quasi-civilian government, served to overcome the “praetorian problem” and subsequently provided a slow but stable transition to a full civilian regime.

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